Eastern Subterranean Termites
From Utah on toward the Eastern United States, eastern subterranean termites wreak havoc on the homes of many people. Actually, they are considered to be highly destructive. They cause millions of dollars in damage to structures all over the United States every year and they most certainly keep termite control services on their toes.
In order to know if you have eastern subterranean termites eating away at your home, there are a number of telltale signs from the actual identification of the bug to the traces they leave behind. Knowing the signs can help you determine whether or not you need a termite specialist to come into your home, treat it, and make sure they don’t come back.
There are different ways in which you can identify the damage. First, if you have a Douglas Fir on your property and you notice that there are small tubes where the termites have tunneled into the wood, you know that they are close by. These tubes do not always appear as if they are one single tunnel, but can appear to be a maze. This maze may even resemble a honeycomb shape.
Eastern subterranean termites are also quite active in the spring. For instance, they prefer spring wood to the harder woods of the summer.
In a home, you can see where they have eaten away at wood and other items by seeing the deterioration around the edges. You may be able to see where they have come into your home because they will leave signs on the foundation. They have been known to build mud tubes that go straight into the cracks of your foundation so that the termite colony can enjoy the dark and cool space between your walls.
Identifying the Bug
If you encounter a termite or the entire colony, there are several traits that you can look for. First, you know you see the queen if she is unusually large. The queen is usually much larger than the others. She is even larger than her king. She lays many eggs that then hatch into what are called “immature nymphs” that are hard for you to see. These nymphs grow up to be soldiers, workers, and reproductives. The reproductives grow wings and they are the termites that tend to swarm and fly through the air to find a new home and start their own colonies. These flying termites can be mistaken as ants.
The reproductives are more or less young kings and queens ready to make lives for themselves. They don’t fly far, so you know that if you find any swarming around your property that there is a colony close.
It can take several years for a colony to become fully mature. This means that you can have eastern subterranean termites for quite some time before you know it. They have to follow a particular life cycle before they can be considered a fully mature colony. The queen has to lay her eggs, they have to mature, the other reproductives then lay eggs as the queen lays more.
Once the colony ha reached maturity, it can be difficult to get rid of it because there are a lot of termites. The solution, however, is a termite control company that has the right tools to treat a home for termites and to implement preventative measures to make sure they don’t come back. It is very important that you do all that you can to protect your home.