One of the most significant biological traits of termites is their colonial nature. The termite colony can wreak havoc on the wood within your home. Although termites work slowly, they do a lot of damage. One basic fact about the termite is that it needs shelter, food, and water. Because termites operate in colonies, they work together to acquire these three very important resources. In other words, they rely on each other to survive.
Every individual insect also has one of three jobs. Those jobs are those that reproduce, those that work, and the soldiers. In other words, they operate similar to ants. Those that reproduce give birth and tend to the young, the soldiers do the building, and the workers gather food. And also like ants, there is a queen, but the queen has a king and they are the two that founded the colony and are mainly in charge of reproduction.
Eventually, the termite colony can reproduce to the point it is very large. The reproducing termites can then move to other areas and create their own colonies. It is these reproducing termites that are responsible for the colonies that are in your home and homes within your neighborhood. From there, they keep reproducing and reproducing until they are entirely out of control.
The Swarming Phase
Tiny little termites are born within each colony and there are many of them. They later mature, grow buds for wings, and they later turn into what are called swarmers. The swarmers are both male and female and they are sexually mature. This means that they are reproducers.
The swarmers look different than the other termites in the termite colony. They are darker in color, have two pair of wings, and they use what are called “mud tubes” to fly away from their home. They usually do this only once each year, but they can swarm multiple times. If they do swarm multiple times, the number of termites in the swarm reduces each time. They do prefer to swarm in warm weather, but have been known to do so when the weather has been cool.
Despite the two pairs of wings that a swarming termite has, they can’t fly very far. They usually rely on the wind. If the wind is strong on the day that the termites are swarming, they can be carried a long distance before they land on the ground.
Since the swarming termite is a reproducing termite, a new home can be created near the landing area. All it takes is two termites to become the king and the queen of a new termite colony.
Other reproductive termites within a termite colony will take over the role of reproduction if the queen of the colony dies. This is to sustain the life of that colony. It is also not uncommon for weather events to separate the males from their females. If this occurs, the queen termite and those termites underneath her will work to establish a new colony.
The swarming and budding process shows how each termite colony comes to be. It is a rather amazing process when it comes to the survival of a particular colony. Perhaps this means the termite is a very intelligent insect. Nevertheless, a termite colony within a home means that destruction is to be had unless the termite colony is exterminated.
By knowing the structure of a termite colony, you know how bad the problem can be. At the first sign of termites, you may want to seek a treatment that will get rid of them. As they eat away at the wood of a home, they weaken the structure and that can be detrimental over time.